Further names: Portuguese: Grampo
Size of adults: 2.6 – 3.8 m
Prey: Primarily cephalopods but also fish and crustaceans
Behaviour: These animals are fairly timid in nature but can also be very active on the surface, often spy hopping, breaching or even swimming alongside or in the bow-wave of boats.
Range: The species occurs globally in temperate to tropical waters. They spend most of their time in the deep waters of the open ocean.
Madeira: Occasionally encountered, especially in summer.
Distinctive features: Robust body, usually covered in scratches and scars with a large, relatively high dorsal fin, tilting towards the tail. A clearly visible V-shaped crease can be seen in middle of the forehead. Most of their teeth are in the lower jaw.
Taxonomy: Suborder: Odontoceti (Toothed whales), Family: Delphinidae (Dolphins)
Threats: No data on population size. Like other cetaceans, such as pilot whales, they are still actively hunted (in Japan, Sri Lanka, Philippines, etc.). They often get entangled in nets and drown.