Further names: Portuguese: Cachalote-pigmeu
Size of adults: up to 2,7 m
Prey: Cephalopods, squid, fish and crustaceans (shrimps and crabs).
Behaviour: Very little knowledge on their life cycles and social lives. Usually encountered alone or in small groups.
Range: Tropical and temperate waters worldwide. Prefer seaward parts of the continental shelf; no evidence for migration.
Madeira: Rarely sighted
Distinctive features: superficial resemblance with sharks; head with very little underslung lower jaw and “false gill” (a light bracket-shaped marking between the eye and flipper),
Taxonomy: Suborder: Odontoceti (Toothed whales); Superfamily Physeteroidea (Sperm whales); Family: Kogiidae
Threats: Climate change, marine waste, increasing underwater noise level. Insufficient data on global population size.