Minister for environment prohibits the re-breeding of Dolphins and Orcas in captivity and improves the husbandry conditions for the marine mammals which are hold in french Dolphinaria.
With an eminent new law, the french minister for environment, Mrs. Sègolène Royal stopped the re-breeding activities of Dolphins and Orcas in three french Dolphinaria, where 29 Dolphins and Orcas are kept in captivity. The remaining animals will now also benefit from improved conditions. There will be an enlargement of the tanksizes of 150 % and from now on it is forbidden to add chlorine to the water.
It would be more than desirable that this courageous decision of Mrs. Royal would be taken as an positive example for similar laws in other countries, as for example in Germany. There are still 2 Dolphinaria (Zoo Duisburg and Tiergarten Nürnberg). According to PETA (society for the prevention of cruelty to animals) in both places, up to 5 shows daily taking place with around 1200 visitiors per show. Without doubt, a Dolphinaria is a multi million-euro buisness, proteced by a influential lobby. On a world-wide scale exists about 330 Dolphinaria in 60 countries. In the EU alone in 34 Dolphinaria are kept marine mammals in captivity (14 countries). Fortunately in Europe, the trend is regressive. Whereas in Japan, Russia, China and other asiatic countries new Dolphinaria are built.
As long as Dolphinaria exists, there is clear evidence that those highly intelligent animals can not at all be kept in small tanks. In the wild they lead a rich social life, swimming up to more than a hundred kilometer daily, hunting and feeding on their natural prey. Their dully daily routine in captivity can not be even rudimentary get justice of the animals complex way of life. This is also cleary proofen by a high percentage of mortality in captivity. In Tiergarten Nürnberg (Germany) the average number of dead animals per year is around 1 animal (since 1971 there were more than 30 dead dolphins). In Zoo of Duisburg (Germany) there were 60 dead animals since 1965.
Chemical cosh: Use of psych drugs to tranquilize marine mammals
In contrary to different study outcome published in the USA, where it was claimed that wild dolphins would get more often sick than captured ones (how at all could this be stated?), reality shows a completely different situation. According to Mr. Jürgen Ortmüller (director of the Forum for Whale- and Dolphin Protection, WDSF) Dolphins in captivity would be treated regulary with drugs and kept alive with that. Citation from Mr. Ortmüller: ” we can come to the conclusion, that most of the dolphins in captivity are surviving only due to drugs.”. WDSF managed by judicial fight to get an insight into internals documents and found out that both german Dolphinaria (Zoo Duisburg and Nürnberg) treated the captured marine mammals with drugs. Most often used were Antibiotics. The responsables for the animals further used psych drugs like Diazepam (Valium) and Serenin in order to tranquilise the animals.
Be smart and don’t visit Dolphinaria
Dolphins and other highly intelligent marine mammals belong only in the Ocean in their natural habitat. Only there, they can have a free and appropriate life. Thatfore, no matter where you live or where you spend your holidays, never support Dolphinaria, don’t buy a ticket. Worldwide there are many fantastic opportunities, where you can observe marine mammals in their natural environment. The animals will thank you.
your Guide Astrid Haas